Tag Archives: Library Policy

The new framework of the Czech libraries development

The Conception of the Czech Libraries for the Years 2011-2015 was approved by the Czech government in the session January 11th. The strategic ground of this material is Cultural Policy for the Czech Republic (2009 – 2014) and “EUROPE 2020, a European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth”.

Some interim aims answer the main initiatives of the concept:

  • Vision and priorities:
    • library services without barriers, quick and prompt library services, 24 hours, 7 days a week by virtue of digital technology, and online accessibility of library funds and digitization;
    •  comfortable and neutral place for study and free time;
    • skilled and adequate paid librarians.
  • The Conception gives consideration to library effectiveness. The SWOT analysis makes the part of material.
  • The Concept itself defines these areas:
    • a digitization of library collections, protection of cultural heritage,
    • an access to information resources and services,
    • a support of education and reading literacy,
    • equal access to library services,
    • quality, effectiveness and marketing of library services,
    • development of human sources.

The document of the Conception of the Czech Libraries for the Years 2011-2015, including the internetization of Libraries, is available here.

Eva Bartunkova
Department Head of Information Centre for Librarianship
Czech Republic

Burza práce (Job Exchange)

SKIP websiteSKIP (Association of Library and Information Professionals of the Czech Republic) started a web page named Burza práce (Job Exchange). This tool is intended for libraries as employers and for unemployed librarians. Analogical opportunities to such an extent are offered by a widespread e-conference Knihovna (Library) and special journals.
(Source: http://www.skipcr.cz/clenstvi/vyhody-pro-cleny/burza-prace-skip)

Eva Bartunkova
Department Head of Information Centre for Librarianship
Czech Republic

Libraries of Barcelona: 10 more years. New challenges, new opportunities

Libraries of Barcelona: 10 more years. New challenges, new opportunities is not only a revision and updating of the Libraries Plan 1998-2010. Even though a balance is made, in general terms more than positive, of the deployment of the Plan during these years, the fundamental aim is to look at how the library services, professionals and facilities should respond to a new social reality, and to a context with new challenges and opportunities.

This document aims to be more an orientational guide than a new guide. And it has been elaborated with the conviction that it is fundamental to maintain the political commitment so as to be able to continue improving the network of facilities, to widen the services maintaining the quality achieved (a distinctive feature of the Libraries of Barcelona), and to improve these services so that the Libraries continue to be close, open and aware of the new demands of the citizens.

More information: https://elsfutursdelabibliotecapublica.wordpress.com/

Mercè Muñoz Creus
Biblioteques de Barcelona, Spain

Legislation, management of librarianship

Law No. 257/2001 Coll. of 29 June 2001
on Libraries and Terms of Operating Public Library and Information Services
(Library Act)
http://knihovnam.nkp.cz/english/sekce.php3?page=04_Leg/02_LibAct.htm

Complete text of Act No. 121/2000 on Copyright and Rights Related to Copyright and on Amendment to Certain Acts (the Copyright Act), as amended by Act No. 81/2005, Act No. 61/2006 and Act No. 216/2006.
http://knihovnam.nkp.cz/docs/00-121eng.doc

Public Lending Right in the Czech Republic
http://knihovnam.nkp.cz/english/sekce.php3?page=04_PublicLend.htm

Documents on cultural policy of the Czech Republic:
http://www.mkcr.cz/en/kulturni-politika/cultural-policy-of-the-czech-republic-6881/

Eva Bartunkova
Department Head of Information Centre for Librarianship
Czech Republic

New decree in Flanders

Dear friends,

The new decree on Local Cultural Policy in Flanders is available in our NAPLE website.  You can see in this link :

http://naple.mcu.es/content/belgium
NAPLE Secretariat

The Digital Library of Romania

The second important program of the national system of libraries is represented by the Digital Library of Romania.

At present there is not in Romania any national program for the digitisation of the written culture patrimony. An effort has been done towards this direction in 2010, when a national aggregator was arbitrary established within the structure of the Ministry of Culture, from up to down, without a correlation with the real state of affairs. Last year, in 2010, following the anti-crisis measures, this phantom institution was dissolved.  

The intricate state of affairs in Romania has lead to the establishing of a partnership between the de facto National Library of Romania, which is the Library of the Academy of Romania, the holder of the written culture patrimony of Romania and the Metropolitan Library of Bucharest, which has made an important investment for the creation of its own material basis, necessary for the process of digitisation.

In spite of the absence of a national coordination for the digitisation process, the double or multiple digitisation of the same title in other libraries is prevented due to two peculiar states of affairs:

  • 62% of the Romanian periodicals exist in a single issue and that is preserved by the Library of the Academy of Romania;
  • 45% of the Romanian books are unique and preserved by the Library of the Academy of Romania.

Florin ROTARU
General Director
Metropolitan Library of Bucharest

The State of the Libraries System in Romania by the Year 2011: Legislation

  • The general framework of the organisation and functioning of the national system of libraries, system made of 2 national libraries, public libraries, among which 42 county libraries, 51 municipal libraries, 204 city libraries, and 2.558 commune libraries, along with 56 anniversary libraries, 41 libraries belonging to the House of the Teachers Stuff, 277 school libraries and 37 specialised libraries, is regulated by the Library Act, passed in 2.002. There were not major modifications until last year, 2010, when anti-crisis measures for the public domain have been adopted, two of them with severe consequences:
    • The reduction with 25% of the budgetary administrative personnel, including librarians;
    • The cutback of the salaries with 25% in 2010, and with 10% in 2011.

These measures could not have been adopted without legislative modifications, among which the Library Act, which established the compulsiveness on the part of the local regional authorities to finance a librarian employee for 2.500 inhabitants in the rural area, and a librarian employee for 5.000-7.000 inhabitants in the urban area.  

The following are the negative consequences affecting the national system of libraries:

    • The dissolution of 178 public libraries in the rural area;
    • The restructuring of the working schedule in rural area, by two working days per week for 1.279 public libraries, the libraries being used in the administrative activity of the mayories;
    • The decrease of the professional potential of the whole national system, especially of the service of the public lecture, due to the personnel’s reduction.

The administration of Romania represents: communes (rural area): 2.686, of  10.139.000 inhabitants; 103 municipalities; 216 cities, included in 41 counties and the Bucharest municipality.

Envisaged Legislative Promulgations. In a near future, between 1 and 3 years, the following acts are about to be promulgated:

  • The first act is the Act of the Bucharest Metropolitan Area, which is envisaged to be adopted by the end of the year 2010. It has passed the first legislative chamber of the Romanian Parliament, namely the Deputy Chamber and it shall be discussed in the second chamber, the Senate.

Nowadays Bucharest municipality has 228 square Km, being divided in 6 administrative sectors, having each its own city hall. As a demographic structure, Bucharest city is the sixth in the European Union, with 2.001.192 inhabitants.

According to the new Act, the Bucharest metropolitan area shall have 2.800 square Km, and within 3 years shall grow to 3.800 square Km. In the first phase, 60 localities shall be included in the metropolitan area, with a population of 583.409 inhabitants, which together with Bucharest city shall amount to 2.584.601 inhabitants.

This act is going to have an important consequence upon the structure of the Metropolitan Library of Bucharest, and the 60 public libraries of the communes shall become branches of our institution. As a major consequence, the service of the public lecture shall be accordingly structured to serve the new regional organization.

  • The second envisaged act for the following 3 years is related to the administrative reform which envisages the establishing of 8 administrative euro-regions and, probably, the dissolution of the 41 extant counties. As a consequence of this projected dissolution, 32 county libraries shall certainly disappear.

Florin ROTARU
General Director
Metropolitan Library of Bucharest

Estonian Public Libraries

557 public libraries, ca150 inplaces where library does not have to be. According to the Public Library Act public library has to be in places where lives at least 500 inhabitants. In such places library usually is the only public institution and local authorities keep them because lot of public services can get in the library. Free Internet for public use is very much needed in smaller places.  

Last three years has been very difficult economic situation in Estonia, but it has been very interesting time too. For libraries there were many challenges, for examples how to organize the everyday work of libraries in view of significant budget cuts both – from the state and local government side. But only 2 part-time working libraries were closed this time. From 2009 library use is growing again. We are especially glad to witness that children and young people have come to visit libraries more in last couple of years. 2010 we celebrated the year of reading and lot of library events helped to get library more needed and attractive.  We even built some new libraries during these hard years. The most beautiful is of course the Tallinn  University of Technology Library. And several new buildings for public libraries in a bigger villages.

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Lithuanian Public Libraries: Library Statistics and Related Issues

Martynas Mažvydas National library of Lithuania collects library statistics, which is in accordance with the ISO standard 2789: Information and Documentation – International Library statistics. Since 2007 annual statistical reports can be submitted and accessed through automated system LIBIS. Summarised library statistics in English is available at
Summarised library statistics

The need for library statistics review is recognized by library community and the Ministry of Culture. Although library annual reports provide extensive data, only the selected ‘main’ indicators are reflected through official statistics portal.  This does not provide the whole picture of public libraries’ multifunctional activities and programs. Library statistics shall also be tuned with the new statistical frameworks for culture developed by UNESCO Institute for Statistics and the one used by Eurostat.

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Lithuanian Public Libraries: Project “Libraries for innovation”

Project “Libraries for innovation” has been implemented since 2008.  Next year in June it shall be finnished. So Sustainability and advocacy issues are on the table.

More than 1200 public libraries, branches and subdivisions and around 2000 public librarians are participating the implementation of the project.  General description of the project might be accessed at http://www.bibliotekospazangai.lt/Lists/In%20eglish/AllItems.aspx

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